|The Atlantic Forest Domain
covers about 36% of the Minas Gerais State. Less than 4% of this area
contains natural forest remnants. The region's occupation history,
marked by the mining of gold, agriculture, cattle farming and, more
recently, the steel industry, resulted in a highly fragmented forest
landscape (most fragments have less than 50ha) interspersed with strongly
modified land use types.
The RPPN-FMA represents, in this context, an important forest remnant.
It is located in the municipality of Caratinga, on the left bank
of the Manhuaçu River, in the Doce River basin, in the State
of Minas Gerais.
With an area of 2,470 acres, it is made up of 80% well-kept forest
and 20% forsaken pastures and forests in regeneration. Many neighbors
have small areas of forests in their properties, adjacent to the
RPPN-FMA, which totals approximately 3,740 acres of Atlantic forest
in the region.
Due to the high number of endemic plants and the rich endangered
fauna of birds and mammals in the area, the RPPN-FMA is considered
of ‘Major Biological Importance'. Two documents warrant such
classification: the 'Atlas of Biodiversity Conservation in Minas
Gerais' and the study 'Assessment and Priority Actions for the Biodiversity
Conservation of the Mata Atlantica and Campos Sulinos.